Autumn Ringlet (Erebia neoridas)

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2016 photographs highlighted in green. Click on any photograph to go to an enlarged picture, or simply scroll down the page.

14222_male?_Var_6Sep08 23788_male_Alpes-Maritimes_9Sep10 42153_male_Var_27Aug16
23825_female_Alpes-Maritimes_9Sep10 14228_female_Var_6Sep08 19040_female_Lozčre_26Aug09
19124_female_Gard_27Aug09 42156_male_Var_27Aug16 9651_male_Var_12Sep07
39363_female_Var_2Sep15 14221_female_Var_6Sep08 23814_female_Alpes-Maritimes_9Sep10

I had not seen neoridas before 2006 because my visits to France were in July, and the reason is now clear why: they do not emerge until mid-August. However, when they do come out they are everywhere, and often very common. They do not require the minimum altitude levels of many Erebia (Lafranchis says as low as 500m), and I have found them at 600m and above, up to 1800m. As with most Erebia, the female uppersides have more extensive and wider orange bands and larger ocelli, and the orange patches are quite jagged (more jagged on the unf band), whereas most Erebia have smooth-edged bands (it seems to me), so this may help in identifying it.

The uph red-orange patches are quite characteristic, too, straight-edged externally, with the ocelli often right at the lower edge of the red patches.

It is a beautiful dark chocolate brown when fresh, with a velvety appearance. The underside is well-marked and quite characteristic, the female being appreciably lighter than the male, making confusion between the sexes unlikely from an underside view.

ref

sex

observations

alt. m

14222

M

a male(?), with a strong red upf post-discal band extending well into s1. The three uph ocelli are very large, touching and even cutting the lower edge of the band, and with very bright white centres, much stronger than the illustration in T&L, and suggesting female, but I feel it is a male based on what can be seen of the body shape.

780

23788

M

a typical male.

1400

42153 M a male with an unusually narrow upf post-discal band. 780

23825

F

a female, with an unusually narrow upf red post-discal band (for a female) but large ocelli, and a surprisingly poorly developed uph red band and ocelli.

1200

14228

F

a female, based on the stronger ocelli and slightly lighter brown ground colour, and confirmed by the body shape.

780

19040

F

I have included this rather worn female only because of the upf ocelli in s6, which I don't think I have ever seen on neoridas. Equally strangely, the left s6 ocellus is quite large and only just to the left of centre, whereas the right ocellus is much smaller and quite displaced externally. The same is true for the ocelli in s3. I rarely find that markings are not mirrored, even in aberrations.

610

19124

F

a female, rather worn but posing nicely.

600

42156 M a male underside, perhaps rather lighter than average for a male. 780

9651

M

a male. The female underside is generally much lighter.

780

39363

F

a female, as evidenced by the lighter colouring.

780

14221

F

a female, based on the lighter colouring and the pronounce post-discal band.

780

23814

F

a female, the colour contrast of the post-discal band being less than average for a female, I would say.

1400

 

14222_male?_Var_6Sep08

 

23788_male_Alpes-Maritimes_9Sep10

 

42153_male_Var_27Aug16

 

23825_female_Alpes-Maritimes_9Sep10

 

14228_female_Var_6Sep08

 

19040_female_Lozčre_26Aug09

 

19124_female_Gard_27Aug09

 

42156_male_Var_27Aug16

 

9651_male_Var_12Sep07

 

39363_female_Var_2Sep15

 

14221_female_Var_6Sep08

 

23814_female_Alpes-Maritimes_9Sep10