Geranium Argus (Aricia eumedon)

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2015 photographs highlighted in yellow. Click on any photograph to go to an enlarged picture, or simply scroll down the page.

30367_male_Alpes-Maritimes_4Jul12

21447_male_Alpes-Maritimes_5Jul10 22249_male_Hautes-Alpes_14Jul10
25663_female_Alpes-Maritimes_11Jun11 36411_female_Valais, Switzerland_19Jul14 3084_male_Alpes-Maritimes_25Jul06
33538_male_Alpes-Maritimes_8Jul13 21454_male_Alpes-Maritimes_5Jul10 36370_female_Valais, Switzerland_19Jul14
 
21474_pair_Alpes-Maritimes_5Jul10 25684_pair_Alpes-Maritimes_11Jun11  

An altitude specialist, over 750m and nearly always a lot higher. The uppersides of both sexes are brown, the male being plain brown and having no blue scales or lunules at all, whereas the female is indicated by a few uph marginal orange lunules. The defining characteristic of eumedon is the unh white streak from the cell spot, along v5 to the post-discal spot, and sometimes beyond. The underside markings are more distinct in the female, which also usually has a deeper brown ground colour. It is usually tied closely to the larval hostplant, various species of Geranium, principally Wood Crane's-bill (Geranium sylvaticum).

The converse is usually true, in that if it is not sitting on a Geranium, it is probably not eumedon. For an altitude butterfly, it tends to emerge quite early, from May onward, which may explain the degree of wear on the males in some of these photographs taken in July.

 

This species was previously known as Eumedonia eumedon.

 
ref sex

observations

alt. m
30367 M a male, showing a much darker marginal region compared to the basic brown ground colour. 1900
21447 M

rather fresher but still missing a chunk out of the hindwing.

1875
22249 M

a male.

2040
25663 F a female, as indicated by the faint orange lunules on the uph. 1900
36411 F a female. 36370 is the underside. 36411 is seen as it opened up in a brief spell of weak sun. 2090
3084 M

an interesting Y-shaped discal spot on the unh.

1875
33538 M a fresh male, roosting on G. sylvaticum in overcast conditions. 1900
21454 M

on studying the magnified image, the end of the foreleg appears to be hooked, which confirms that this is a male. It is sitting on G. sylvaticum.

1875
36370 F a female, roosting in overcast conditions on G. sylvaticum. 36411 is the upperside. 2090
21474 PAIR

a mating pair, female on the right. This shows the contrast between the undersides of the sexes, the male being rather greyer in ground colour and having rather less well-developed marginal lunules. The female is also fresher as is nearly always the case for mating pairs. They are on, I believe, G. sylvaticum.

1875
25684 PAIR a mating pair, the female on the left, looking rather greyer and more lightly marked than the norm for female eumedon. The male looks as if it is on its last legs. 1900

 

30367_male_Alpes-Maritimes_4Jul12

 

21447_male_Alpes-Maritimes_5Jul10

 

22249_male_Hautes-Alpes_14Jul10

 

25663_female_Alpes-Maritimes_11Jun11

 

36411_female_Valais, Switzerland_19Jul14

 

3084_male_Alpes-Maritimes_25Jul06

 

33538_male_Alpes-Maritimes_8Jul13

 

21454_male_Alpes-Maritimes_5Jul10

 

36370_female_Valais, Switzerland_19Jul14

 

21474_pair_Alpes-Maritimes_5Jul10

 

25684_pair_Alpes-Maritimes_11Jun11